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Endocytoscopic microvasculature evaluation is a reliable new diagnostic method for colorectal lesions (with video)

      Background

      We previously reported on the efficacy of endocytoscopic classification (EC-C). However, the correlation of the endocytoscopic vascular (EC-V) pattern with diagnoses was unclear.

      Objective

      To assess the diagnostic accuracy of the EC-V pattern for colorectal lesions.

      Design

      Retrospective.

      Setting

      A university hospital.

      Patients

      Patients who underwent endocytoscopy between January 2010 and March 2013.

      Intervention

      We evaluated 198 consecutive lesions according to the EC-V pattern (EC-V1, obscure surface microvessels; EC-V2, clearly observed surface microvessels of a uniform caliber and arrangement; and EC-V3, dilated surface microvessels of a nonhomogeneous caliber or arrangement).

      Main Outcome Measurements

      The diagnostic accuracy for predicting hyperplastic polyps and invasive cancer were compared between the EC-V pattern and other modalities (narrow-band imaging, pit pattern, and EC-C).

      Results

      The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the EC-V1 pattern for diagnosing hyperplastic polyps were 95.5%, 99.4%, and 99.0%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the EC-V3 pattern for diagnosing invasive cancer were 74.6%, 97.2%, and 88.6%, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy of the EC-V pattern for predicting hyperplastic polyps was comparable to the other modalities. For predicting invasive cancer, the EC-V pattern was comparable to narrow-band imaging and pit pattern, although EC-C was slightly more accurate (P = .04). In the substudy, the diagnosis time by using the EC-V pattern was shorter than that with the EC-C pattern (P < .001).

      Limitations

      A single-center, retrospective study.

      Conclusions

      The EC-V pattern saved more time than the EC-C pattern and had a diagnostic ability comparable to that of other optical biopsy modalities.

      Abbreviations:

      CI (confidence interval), CLE (confocal laser endomicroscopy), EC (endocytoscopy), EC-C (endocytoscopy classification based on glandular and cellular atypia), EC-NBI (endocytoscopy in conjunction with narrow-band imaging), EC-V (endocytoscopic vascular pattern), NBI (narrow-band imaging), NBI-ME (magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging), PIT (pit pattern), SSA/P (sessile serrated adenoma/polyp), VC (Vienna classification)
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