Other| Volume 54, ISSUE 5, P25A-26A, November 2001

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        Cuthbert Esquire Dukes (1890-1977), a distinguished London pathologist, established a system for classifying the stages of colorectal cancer. The Dukes' system for classifying the extent of tumor spread is used throughout the world as a surgical guide and prognostic aid in treatment, although it is today complemented by the TNM system of classifying malignant tumors.
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        1. Obituary notice: Cuthbert E. Dukes. J Path 1978; also, Obituary notice: Cuthbert E. Dukes. Lancet 1977;1:435.

          • Haubrich WS.
          Dukes of the Dukes' classification.
          Gastroenterology. 2000; 118: 828
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          Familial intestinal polyposis.
          J Clin Pathol. 1947; 1: 34-37
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          J Clin Path. 2000; 53: 4-5
          • Gordon-Watson C
          • Dukes C.
          The treatment of carcinoma of the rectum with radium: with an introduction on the spread of cancer of the rectum.
          Br J Surg. 1930; 17 ((Dukes' article is sometimes dated as a 1929 presentation, presumably because volume 17 bears the date 1929-30, but in fact Dukes' piece appeared in the April, 1930 issue): 643-669
          • Dukes CE.
          The classification of cancer of the rectum.
          J Pathol Bacteriol. 1932; 35: 323-332
          • Fitzgerald Jr., RH
          What is the Dukes' system for carcinoma of the rectum?.
          Dis Colon Rectum. 1982; 25: 474-477
          • Schubert W.
          Dukes' classification: American chaos versus British order.
          Can J Surg. 1990; 33 (comment 339-40): 8-11
          • Sarma DP.
          The Dukes' classification of colorectal cancer.
          JAMA. 1986; 256: 1447
          • Dukes CE.
          The surgical pathology of rectal cancer.
          J Clin Path. 1949; 2: 95-98
          • Dukes C.
          Lord Lister (1827-1912).
          Small, Maynard, Boston1924