Advertisement

Impact of gender on requests for ASGE leadership assignments

Published:January 16, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2016.01.018

      Background and Aims

      Committee membership in gastroenterology national societies is considered prestigious, opening the door for leadership roles and professional advancement. Some have hypothesized that women ask for leadership opportunities less frequently than men. Our aim was to examine the gender representation of requests for placement on an American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) committee.

      Methods

      We analyzed deidentified records of all requests for assignment to ASGE committees from 2011 to 2014, including applicant’s gender, prior service to ASGE, year of application, and whether the applicant was appointed. The primary outcome was the proportion of requests from women compared with the overall ASGE female membership.

      Results

      There were 513 requests for ASGE committee appointments; 101 (20%) were from women, exceeding the active ASGE female membership (15%; P = .004). Overall, the total number of committee requests increased over time from 89 to 195 (P = .08); the proportion of requests from women remained stable at 16% to 21% (P = .51). Compared with men, women were significantly less likely to have had previous ASGE service (28% vs 42%; P = .01) and more likely to have a statement of endorsement from a mentor (33% vs 24%; P = .06). The rate of appointment to a committee was 47% (95% confidence interval [CI], 41-52) overall, 42% (95% CI, 37-48) for male applicants, and 65% (95% CI, 54-76) for female applicants. Female gender (odds ratio [OR] 2.6; 1.5-4.5), endorsement from a mentor (OR 3.4; 2.1-5.6), and prior ASGE service (OR 2.3; 1.5-3.5) predicted committee appointment.

      Conclusions

      For ASGE committee appointments, it appears that women who make requests are successful in receiving these appointments. Future work should evaluate requests and appointments by gender among other gastroenterology societies and explore whether service translates into leadership opportunities for women.

      Abbreviations:

      ASGE (American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy), CV (curriculum vitae)
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Association of the American Medical Colleges
        2012 Physician specialty data book.
        Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington (DC)2012
      1. Lautenberger DM, Dandar VM, Raezer CL et al; Association of American Medical Colleges. The state of women in academic medicine: the pipeline and pathways to leadership, 2013-2014. Available at: https://http://www.aamc.org/download/411782/data/2014_table1.pdf. Accessed on August 27, 2015.

        • Brotherton S.E.
        • Etzel S.I.
        Graduate medical education, 2011-2012.
        JAMA. 2012; 308: 2264-2279
        • Martini C.J.
        Graduate medical education in the changing environment of medicine.
        JAMA. 1992; 268: 1097-1105
        • Monroe A.K.
        • Levine R.B.
        • Clark J.M.
        • et al.
        Through a gender lens: a view of gender and leadership positions in a department of medicine.
        J Womens Health. 2015; 24: 837-842
        • Joliff L.
        • Leadley J.
        • Coakley E.
        • et al.
        Women in US academic medicine and sciences: statistics and benchmarking report 2011-2012.
        AAMC. 2012; (Available at:) (Accessed July 27, 2015)
        • Carr P.L.
        • Gunn C.M.
        • Kaplan S.A.
        • et al.
        Inadequate progress for women in academic medicine: findings from the National Faculty Study.
        J Womens Health. 2015; 24: 190-199
        • Babcock L.
        • Laschever S.
        Women don't ask: negotiation and the gender divide.
        Princeton University Press, Princeton (NJ)2003
        • Morton M.J.
        • Sonnad S.S.
        Women on professional society and journal editorial boards.
        J Natl Med Assoc. 2007; 99: 764-771
        • Choi S.S.
        • Miller R.H.
        Women otolaryngologist representation in specialty society membership and leadership positions.
        Laryngoscope. 2012; 122: 2428-2433
        • Enestvedt B.K.
        • Calderwood A.H.
        • Schmitt C.M.
        • et al.
        The gender distribution of ASGE-sponsored program faculty [abstract].
        Gastrointest Endosc. 2015; 81: AB166
      2. Pew Research Center. On pay gap, millenial women near parity–for now. December 11, 2013. Available at: http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/statements/2014/apr/09/genevieve-wood/what-pay-gap-young-women-out-earn-men-cities-gop-p/. Accessed August 28, 2015.

        • Moss-Racusin C.A.
        • Dovidio J.F.
        • Brescoll V.L.
        • et al.
        Science faculty's subtle gender biases favor male students.
        Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012; 109: 16474-16479
      3. Center for Workforce Studies at the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). 2014 Physician specialty data book center for workforce studies November 2014. Available at: https://members.aamc.org/eweb/upload/Physician%20Specialty%20Databook%202014.pdf. Accessed on August 27, 2015.

      Linked Article

      • Women in gastroenterology: involvement in our national organizations
        Gastrointestinal EndoscopyVol. 84Issue 2
        • Preview
          We read with great interest the article entitled “Impact of gender on the requests for ASGE leadership assignments” by Calderwood et al.1 They reviewed membership assignment requests to American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) committees from 2011 to 2014 and found that although 15% of ASGE members are women, 20% of committee membership requests were from women, with a committee appointment rate of 65% for women versus 47% overall. Their conclusion was “women do ask for service opportunities within a national gastroenterology society,” and they urged other gastroenterology societies to reflect on opportunities for women, given that they found women had less prior society service yet more mentor endorsement.
        • Full-Text
        • PDF