Efficacy of a novel lumen-apposing metal stent for the treatment of symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts (with video)

      Background and Aims

      Recently, a newly designed lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) with a conventional delivery system was developed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a newly designed LAMS for EUS-guided drainage to treat symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts.


      This prospective multicenter cohort study included 34 patients with symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts from 2016 to 2017. The patients underwent EUS-guided drainage with the newly designed LAMS (Niti-S SPAXUS; Taewoong Medical Co, Ltd, Ilsan, South Korea). Effectiveness outcome measurements included technical success rate, clinical success rate, successful stent removal rate, and procedural time. Safety outcome measurements included procedure and/or stent-related adverse events (AEs) and overall AEs. Patients were prospectively followed, and consecutive data were collected at discharge, at stent removal, and 20 days after stent removal.


      Thirty-four patients (mean age 51.7 ± 13.3 years, 26 men) were enrolled. The mean pseudocyst size was 9.23 ± 3.54 cm. The technical success rate was 97.1% (33/34). The clinical success rate was 94.1% (32/34). All stents were successfully removed. The mean procedural time from needle puncture to stent deployment was 10.3 ± 5.7 minutes. Four patients (11.8%) experienced procedure and/or stent-related AEs, including stent maldeployment (n = 1) and pseudocyst infection (n = 3). All patients completely recovered from the AEs. Bleeding caused by the stent or buried LAMS syndrome was not observed. No unplanned endoscopic procedures were required.


      This study showed that EUS-guided drainage using the newly designed LAMS is technically feasible and effective for the treatment of symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT02730663.)

      Graphical abstract


      AE (adverse event), LAMS (lumen-apposing metallic stent), PFC (pancreatic fluid collection)
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