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Impact of submucosal saline solution injection for cold snare polypectomy of small colorectal polyps: a randomized controlled study

      Background and Aims

      Cold snare polypectomy (CSP) of small colorectal polyps is widely used. However, the technique is still troubled by insufficient resection depth, which may prevent precise pathologic evaluation. In this study, we investigated whether submucosal injection of saline solution helps to achieve deeper resection in CSP.

      Methods

      The study was a single-center, prospective, randomized trial. Patients with small (3- to 10-mm diameter) nonpedunculated adenomatous or sessile serrated colorectal polyps were randomly allocated to either conventional CSP (C-CSP) or CSP with submucosal injection (CSP-SI). Primary outcome was the rate of complete muscularis mucosae (MM) resection, defined by the proportion of MM under the tumor more than 80% of the tumor’s horizontal dimension. Secondary outcomes were the rates of negative lateral and vertical margins, fragmentation of resected specimens, conversion to hot snare mucosal resection, intraprocedural bleeding, delayed bleeding, and perforation.

      Results

      Two hundred fourteen patients were randomly assigned to the CSP-SI (n = 107) or C-CSP (n = 107) group. The rate of complete MM resection was 43.9% in the CSP-SI group and 53.3% in the C-CSP group, a statistically insignificant difference. The rates of negative lateral margin and vertical margin (42.3% and 56.7%, respectively) in the CSP-SI group were significantly lower than those (58% and 76%) in the C-CSP group (P = .03 and P = .006, respectively). There was no polypectomy-related major bleeding or perforation.

      Conclusions

      Saline solution injection into the submucosa did not improve the resection depth of CSP of small colorectal polyps, and the method resulted in lower rates of negative lateral and vertical margins of resected lesions. (Clinical trial registration number: UMIN000037980.)

      Abbreviations:

      CSP (cold snare polypectomy), C-CSP (conventional cold snare polypectomy), CSP-SI (cold snare polypectomy with submucosal injection), MM (muscularis mucosae)
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