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Flexible endoscopic transoral thyroidectomy: a pilot study in a porcine model (with video)

Published:August 24, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2020.07.033
      Both endoscopic (laparoscopic) and robotic approaches to minimally invasive thyroidectomy have been developed, but none has gained widespread acceptance.
      • Camenzuli C.
      • Schembri Wismayer P.
      • et al.
      Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy: a systematic review of the practice so far.
      ,
      • Holsinger F.C.
      • Chung W.Y.
      Robotic thyroidectomy.
      Laparoscopic surgery requires 3 ports and a large working space. Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy and hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) with the use of a vestibular approach has had success in producing a scar-free thyroidectomy
      • Anuwong A.
      • Ketwong K.
      • Jitpratoom P.
      • et al.
      Safety and outcomes of the transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach.
      ,
      • Anuwong A.
      Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach: a series of the first 60 human cases.
      but also requires a large working space. Inspired by our pure NOTES experience, we hypothesized that flexible endoscopic thyroidectomy could be done by using a single operating channel and thus obviate the need for hybrid NOTES or laparoscopic instrument-assisted rigid endoscopic operations. We used an animal model to test this hypothesis. The study was undertaken after approval by and under the guidance of the ethics committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.

      Abbreviation:

      NOTES (natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery)
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      References

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        • Schembri Wismayer P.
        • et al.
        Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy: a systematic review of the practice so far.
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        Safety and outcomes of the transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach.
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        A snare-assisted pure NOTES retrograde cholecystectomy using a single channel flexible endoscope: a pilot experiment in a porcine model.
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        Gastrointest Endosc. 2020; 91: 451-452

      Linked Article

      • NOTES revisited
        Gastrointestinal EndoscopyVol. 93Issue 1
        • Preview
          In this issue, Liu et al1 report a pilot porcine study assessing the feasibility of flexible endoscopic transoral thyroidectomy. By the opening of a transoral incision, the endoscope was used to create a subcutaneous tunnel from the mouth to the thyroid gland to perform a partial thyroidectomy. The procedure was successfully performed in 6 swine, with a mean procedure time of 35 minutes, and none of the swine had adverse events.
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