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Development of a computer-aided detection system for colonoscopy and a publicly accessible large colonoscopy video database (with video)

      Background and Aims

      Artificial intelligence (AI)–assisted polyp detection systems for colonoscopic use are currently attracting attention because they may reduce the possibility of missed adenomas. However, few systems have the necessary regulatory approval for use in clinical practice. We aimed to develop an AI-assisted polyp detection system and to validate its performance using a large colonoscopy video database designed to be publicly accessible.

      Methods

      To develop the deep learning–based AI system, 56,668 independent colonoscopy images were obtained from 5 centers for use as training images. To validate the trained AI system, consecutive colonoscopy videos taken at a university hospital between October 2018 and January 2019 were searched to construct a database containing polyps with unbiased variance. All images were annotated by endoscopists according to the presence or absence of polyps and the polyps’ locations with bounding boxes.

      Results

      A total of 1405 videos acquired during the study period were identified for the validation database, 797 of which contained at least 1 polyp. Of these, 100 videos containing 100 independent polyps and 13 videos negative for polyps were randomly extracted, resulting in 152,560 frames (49,799 positive frames and 102,761 negative frames) for the database. The AI showed 90.5% sensitivity and 93.7% specificity for frame-based analysis. The per-polyp sensitivities for all, diminutive, protruded, and flat polyps were 98.0%, 98.3%, 98.5%, and 97.0%, respectively.

      Conclusions

      Our trained AI system was validated with a new large publicly accessible colonoscopy database and could identify colorectal lesions with high sensitivity and specificity. (Clinical trial registration number: UMIN 000037064.)

      Abbreviations:

      AI (artificial intelligence), CI (confidence interval)
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