Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty plus liraglutide versus endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty alone for weight loss

Published:October 16, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2020.10.016

      Background and Aims

      Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) has been shown to be effective for inducing weight loss. The efficacy of liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist, to augment weight loss after ESG is unknown. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of ESG and liraglutide (ESG-L) compared with ESG alone.

      Methods

      This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data from patients undergoing ESG at 3 outpatient clinics in Brazil between November 2017 and July 2018. Liraglutide was offered to all patients 5 months after ESG. Patients who opted to take liraglutide (ESG-L) were matched 1:1 to patients who declined it (ESG). The primary outcome was percent total body weight loss (%TBWL), and percent excess weight loss (%EWL) 7 months after initiation of liraglutide (12 months after ESG). The secondary outcome was change in percent body fat 12 months after ESG. ESG technique and postprocedure follow-up were identical at all 3 sites.

      Results

      Propensity score matching yielded 26 matched pairs. Adjusted comparisons between the 2 groups showed that patients who opted to take liraglutide had a superior mean %TBWL 7 months after initiation of liraglutide (ESG-L) compared with those who declined it (ESG) (24.72% ± 2.12% vs 20.51% ± 1.68%, respectively; P < .001). ESG-L had a statistically greater reduction in percent body fat compared with ESG (7.85% ± 1.26% vs 10.54% ± 1.88%, respectively; P < .001) at 12 months.

      Conclusions

      Addition of liraglutide at 5 months results in superior weight loss and improved efficacy as demonstrated by decreased body fat 12 months after ESG. Further studies are imperative to determine optimal dose, timing, and duration of liraglutide.

      Abbreviations:

      BMI (body mass index), EBT (endoscopic bariatric therapy), ESG (endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty), ESG-L (endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty and liraglutide), HbA1c (hemoglobin A1c), HTN (hypertension), IGB (intragastric balloon), %EWL (percent excess weight loss), %TBWL (percent total body weight loss)
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