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Usefulness of a newly designed laser-cut metal stent with an anchoring hook and thin delivery system for EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy in experimental settings (with video)

      Background and Aims

      EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) is associated with high rates of adverse events. The present study evaluated the feasibility of a newly designed stent equipped with a dilatation and antimigration system for EUS-HGS in phantom and animal models.

      Methods

      The newly designed stent was a partially covered laser-cut stent with antimigration anchoring hooks and a thin tapered tip (7.2F). The feasibility of these stents for biliary obstruction was compared with that of conventional stents. Evaluated outcomes were resistance force to migration in phantom and ex vivo models, rates of technical success and adverse events, and histology in an in vivo model.

      Results

      The resistance forces on the distal (3.59 vs 1.73 N and 6.21 vs 1.74 N) and proximal (3.58 vs 1.5 N and 5.97 vs 1.67 N) sides in phantom and ex vivo models were significantly higher for hook stents than for conventional stents. Although EUS-HGS was successfully performed in all cases with both stents (100% [10/10] vs 100% [8/8]), the success rate of EUS-HGS without using a fistulous tract dilation device was significantly higher with hook stents (100% [10/10]) than with conventional stents (13% [1/8]). No adverse events occurred with either stent. Pathologic examination showed adhesion between the stomach and liver.

      Conclusions

      The strong resistance to migration and the absence of the dilation step are important advantages of newly designed hook stents. These stents may therefore be feasible and safe for EUS-HGS.

      Abbreviations:

      BD (biliary drainage), EUS-HGS (EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy)
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