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EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy with electrocautery-enhanced lumen-apposing metal stents in patients with malignant distal biliary obstruction: multicenter collaboration from the United Kingdom and Ireland

Published:October 09, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2021.09.040

      Background and Aims

      EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDD) with an electrocautery-enhanced lumen-apposing metal stent (EC-LAMS) has emerged as a viable method of establishing biliary drainage in patients with malignant distal biliary obstruction (MDBO). Our aim was to assess the efficacy, safety, and outcomes in patients with MDBO who underwent EUS-CDD with an EC-LAMS.

      Methods

      A retrospective review of consecutive patients with MDBO who underwent EUS-CDD with EC-LAMSs at 8 tertiary institutions across the United Kingdom and Ireland between September 2016 and November 2020 was undertaken.

      Results

      One hundred twenty patients (55% men) with a median age of 73 years (interquartile range, 17; range, 43-94) were included. The median follow-up period in 117 patients was 70 days (interquartile range, 169; range, 3-869), and 23 patients (19.2%) were alive at the end of the follow-up. Three patients were lost to follow-up. Technical success was achieved in 109 patients (90.8%). Clinical success (reduction of serum bilirubin to ≤50% of original value within 14 days) was achieved in 94.8% of patients (92/97). The adverse event rate was 17.5% (n = 21). Biliary reintervention after initial technical success was required in 9 patients (8.3%).

      Conclusions

      EUS-CDD with EC-LAMSs at tertiary institutions within a regional hepatopancreatobiliary network for treatment of MDBO was effective in those where ERCP was not possible or was unsuccessful. When technical failures or adverse events occur, most patients can be managed with conservative or endoscopic therapy.

      Abbreviations:

      DPS (double-pigtail plastic stent), EC-LAMS (electrocautery-enhanced lumen-apposing metal stent), EUS-BD (EUS-guided biliary drainage), EUS-CDD (EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy), FCSEMS (fully covered self-expanding metal stent), HPB (hepatopancreatobiliary), IQR (interquartile range), OR (odds ratio), MDBO (malignant distal biliary obstruction), PFC (pancreatic fluid collection), PTBD (percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage)
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