Comparison of functional lumen imaging probe and high-resolution manometry to assess response after peroral endoscopic myotomy

Published:December 31, 2021DOI:

      Background and Aims

      Outcomes after peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) are assessed clinically by the Eckardt score (ES) or objectively by high-resolution manometry (HRM) and functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP). This study compared HRM and FLIP to evaluate clinical response after POEM.


      This was a single tertiary center retrospective study of consecutive patients who underwent POEM for treatment-naive achalasia and with ≥6 months of follow-up. Baseline and follow-up testing in all patients included ES, HRM, and FLIP of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). A normal post-POEM (or normalized) EGJ distensibility index (EGJ-DI) >2.8 mm2/mm Hg, maximum EGJ diameter (MxEGJD) ≥14 mm, and integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) <15 mm Hg were compared with a clinical response, defined as ES ≤3.


      Eighty-seven patients (58% men, mean age 51 ± 17 years) were included. Overall clinical response by ES, IRP, MxEGJD, and EGJ-DI were 97.7%, 86.2%, 75.9%, and 92.0%, respectively. The sensitivity of a normal IRP (87.1% [95% confidence interval {CI}, 78.0-93.4]) was similar to the sensitivity of a normal MxEGJD (75.3% [95% CI, 64.7-84.0], P = .053) and normal EGJ-DI (91.8% [95% CI, 83.8%-96.6%], P = .39) after POEM to predict clinical response. However, the sensitivity of a normal post-POEM EGJ-DI was superior to a normal post-POEM MxEGJD (P = .001) to predict clinical response. There was no difference in the area under the curve of a normal MxEGJD or EGJ-DI to predict a normal IRP (P = .956) after POEM.


      Normal FLIP metrics ≥6 months after POEM for achalasia show good to excellent sensitivity but are equivalent to a normalized IRP by HRM to predict clinical response by ESs. FLIP may be used as an alternative to HRM to assess lower esophageal sphincter response to POEM in these patients. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT02770859.)

      Graphical abstract


      AUC (area under the curve), EGJ (esophagogastric junction), EGJ-DI (esophagogastric junction distensibility index), ES (Eckardt score), FLIP (functional lumen imaging probe), HRM (high-resolution manometry), IRP (integrated relaxation pressure), LES (lower esophageal sphincter), MxEGJD (maximum esophagogastric junction diameter), POEM (peroral endoscopic myotomy)
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