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Comparison of no stent fixation, endoscopic suturing, and a novel over-the-scope clip for stent fixation in preventing migration of fully covered self-expanding metal stents: a retrospective comparative study (with video)

      Background and Aims

      Endoscopic suturing and over-the-scope clips (OTSCs) are used to prevent migration of fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs). Recently, a dedicated OTSC was developed for securing FCSEMSs. Our primary aim was to compare the frequency of stent migration without stent fixation versus fixation with suturing or OTSCs, and out secondary aims were to compare clinical success, procedure duration, and adverse events.

      Methods

      A retrospective cohort study evaluated the outcome of stent placement throughout the entire GI tract from 2013 to 2021. Stent migration was determined as stent displacement ≥2 cm endoscopically or radiographically. Clinical success was defined as resolution of indication at follow-up.

      Results

      Four hundred thirty-three procedures were performed, 239 (55%) without fixation, 140 (32%) with suturing, and 54 (12%) with OTSCs. Stent migration rates were 62% without fixation, 57% with suturing, and 35% with OTSCs (P = .013). The median time to stent migration was 3 weeks without fixation, 5 weeks with suturing, and 6 weeks with OTSCs (P = .023). The clinical success rate was 43%. The median procedure time for OTSCs was shorter compared with suturing (42 vs 68 minutes, P = .002). Adverse event rates trended toward being lowest with OTSCs at 9% compared with 21% without fixation and 18% with suturing (P > .05).

      Conclusions

      OTSCs for stent fixation were found to have significantly lower migration rates compared with no fixation and suturing. Moreover, OTSCs were associated with decreased overall procedure time and total costs per procedure while trending to be associated with fewer adverse events.

      Graphical abstract

      Abbreviations:

      CI (confidence interval), FCSEMS (fully covered self-expanding metal stent), OR (odds ratio), OTSC (over-the-scope clip), SEMS (self-expanding metal stent)
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