Endoscopic resection of upper GI extraluminal tumors (with videos)

      Background and Aims

      Endoscopic resection is a feasible treatment for GI extraluminal tumors but remains a challenging procedure with limited data. In this study, we assessed the safety and efficacy of endoscopic resection for extraluminal tumors in the upper GI tract.


      From May 2016 to December 2021, 109 patients undergoing endoscopic resection for extraluminal tumors in the upper GI tract were retrospectively included. Clinicopathologic characteristics, procedure-related parameters, adverse events (AEs), and follow-up outcomes were analyzed.


      The en-bloc tumor resection rate was 94.5% and en-bloc retrieval rate 86.2%. Statistical analysis revealed tumor size ≥3.0 cm and irregular shape as significant risk factors for piecemeal extraction. Resection time and suture time were 46.8 ± 33.6 minutes and 20.6 ± 20.1 minutes, respectively. Large tumor size was significantly associated with a longer procedure duration. Five patients (4.6%) experienced major AEs, including recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, hydrothorax, major bleeding, local peritonitis, duodenal leakage, and repeat endoscopic surgery for tumor extraction. Minor AEs occurred in 13 patients (11.9%). Irregular tumor shape and tumor location (duodenum) were significantly associated with AE occurrence. Mean postoperative hospital stay was 4.7 ± 3.3 days. No recurrence or metastasis was observed during the mean follow-up period of 31.8 ± 15.2 months.


      Endoscopic resection is a safe and feasible therapeutic approach for upper GI extraluminal tumors. Tumor size, shape, and location impact the difficulty and safety of the procedure. Endoscopic resection of duodenal tumors is also feasible but associated with an increased risk of AEs compared with tumors in other locations.


      AE (adverse events), CI (confidence interval), EFTR (endoscopic full-thickness resection), EGJ (esophagogastric junction), GI (gastrointestinal), GIST (GI stromal tumor), OR (odds ratio), SMT (submucosal tumor), STER (submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection)
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