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Comparative accuracy of endosonographic shear wave elastography and transcutaneous liver stiffness measurement: a pilot study

Published:August 28, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2022.08.035

      Background and Aims

      Vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE) is a validated test for assessing liver fibrosis but may be unreliable in select patients, including those with morbid obesity. The limitations of VCTE may be overcome by EUS-guided shear wave elastography (EUS-SWE).

      Methods

      This single-center, prospective, nonrandomized tandem study compared the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-SWE and VCTE in consecutive patients undergoing liver biopsy sampling because of unreliable noninvasive testing. EUS-SWE of the left and right lobes were separately performed and then compared with VCTE. Liver elasticity cutoffs for different stages of fibrosis were estimated in 3 ways: optimized sensitivity and specificity using the Youden index; and with sensitivity and specificity fixed at 90% each, Diagnostic accuracy for fibrosis was compared with liver histology using the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUROC). The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-SWE for advanced fibrosis. Secondary outcomes were diagnostic accuracy of VCTE, EUS-SWE for left and right hepatic lobes for significant/advanced fibrosis, and cirrhosis.

      Results

      Forty-two patients (39 men, aged 54.5 ± 12.1 years) underwent EUS-SWE, VCTE, and liver biopsy sampling. The cross-validated AUROCs for advanced fibrosis were as follows: VCTE, .87 (95% confidence interval [CI], .76-.97); EUS-SWE left lobe, .8 (95% CI, .64-.96); and EUS-SWE right lobe, .78 (95% CI, .62-.95). The corresponding AUROCs for cirrhosis were as follows: VCTE, .9 (95% CI, .83-.97); EUS-SWE left lobe, .96 (95% CI, .9-1); and EUS-SWE right lobe, .9 (95% CI, .8-1). VCTE was unreliable in 8 patients who successfully underwent EUS-SWE. There was no statistically significant difference in the AUROCs for EUS-SWE and VCTE.

      Conclusions

      EUS-SWE correlates well with liver histology and is a safe and reliable diagnostic test for assessing liver fibrosis with accuracy comparable with VCTE. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT04533932.)

      Graphical abstract

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