Background and Aims
Acronyms and abbreviations:AETPs (advanced endoscopy training programs), AETs (average advanced endoscopy trainees), CA (celiac artery), CBD (common bile duct), CI (confidence interval), EUS (endoscopic ultrasound), EUS-FNA (EUS-guided fine needle aspiration), GB (gallbladder), IPMN (intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm), IQR (interquartile range), MI (multiple imputation), MPD (main pancreatic duct), Pb (pancreas body), Ph (pancreas head), Pt (pancreas tail), PV (portal vein), SD (standard deviation), SMA (superior mesenteric artery), SMV (superior mesenteric vein), SV (splenic vein), TESAT (the EUS skills assessment tool)
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Conception and design: Masafumi Chiba, Masayuki Kato, Machi Suka, and Kazuki Sumiyama.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: Masafumi Chiba, Masayuki Kato, Nana Shimamoto, Shintaro Tsukinaga, Yuichi Torisu, Hirobumi Toyoizumi, Machi Suka, and Kazuki Sumiyama.
Acquisition of data: Masafumi Chiba, Masayuki Kato, Yuji Kinoshita, Takafumi Akasu, Hiroaki Matsui, Nana Shimamoto, Youichi Tomita, Takahiro Abe, Keisuke Kanazawa, Shintaro Tsukinaga, Masanori Nakano, Yuichi Torisu, and Hirobumi Toyoizumi.
Drafting of the article: Masafumi Chiba, and Masayuki Kato.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: Masafumi Chiba, Masayuki Kato, Shintaro Tsukinaga, Masanori Nakano, and Yuichi Torisu.
Final approval of the article: All authors.
Drs. Masafumi Chiba, Masayuki Kato, Yuji Kinoshita, Takafumi Akasu, Hiroaki Matsui, Nana Shimamoto, Youichi Tomita, Takahiro Abe, Keisuke Kanazawa, Shintaro Tsukinaga, Masanori Nakano, Yuichi Torisu, Hirobumi Toyoizumi, Machi Suka, and Kazuki Sumiyama have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.
The authors declare that they have not received funding for this study.
The authors thank the Department of Surgery and the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology for patient recruitment. The authors also thank Enago for the English language editing of this paper.