Background and aim
Abbreviations:EUS (endoscopic ultrasound), SEMS (self-expandable metal stent), EUS-BD (endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage), EUS-HGS (endoscopic ultrasound-hepaticogastrostomy), ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography)
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CONFLICT OF INTEREST: The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.
Authors’ contributions: Mitsuki Tomita and Takeshi Ogura wrote the paper. Takeshi Ogura, Saori Ueno, Atsushi Okuda, Nobu Nishioka, Akira Miyano, Yoshitaro Yamamoto, Kimi Bessho, Yuki Uba, Nobuhiro Hattori, Junichi Nakamura, and Hiroki Nishikawa interpreted data for the work, revised the work critically for important intellectual content, gave final approval of the version to be published, and agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.