Background and aims
Abbreviations used in this paper:CRC ((colorectal cancer)), LR ((local resection)), SR ((surgical resection)), OS ((overall survival)), RFS ((recurrence-free survival)), DSS ((disease-specific survival)), HRs ((hazard ratios))
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Conflicts of interest:
The authors have no competing interests to declare.
Yuxiang Chen and Kai Deng contributed to the conception and design of the review. Yuxiang Chen wrote the first draft of the manuscript. Weina Jing, Zhu Wang, Junchao Wu, Jinlin Yang, Li Yang and Mo Chen wrote sections of the manuscript. All authors contributed to the revision of the manuscript and approved the submitted version.
The authors (Kai Deng and Jinlin Yang) were supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81600511 and No. 82173253), Science Foundation of the Sichuan Health and Family Planning Commission (No. 20PJYY0314), Sichuan Science and Technology Program (22ZDYF1618 and 2021YFH0005), 1.3.5 project for disciplines of excellence, West China Hospital, Sichuan University (2019-051 and 2021-150) and Operation Funding of Sichuan University-University of Oxford Huaxi Joint Centre for Gastrointestinal Cancer (No. 161200021).