- The diagnosis and characterization of biliary strictures (BSs) is challenging. The introduction of digital single-operator cholangioscopy (DSOC) that allows direct visual inspection of the lesion and targeted biopsy sampling significantly improved the diagnostic yield in patients with indeterminate BSs. However, the diagnostic efficiency of DSOC remains suboptimal. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have shown great potential for the interpretation of medical images. We aimed to develop a CNN-based system for automatic detection of malignant BSs in DSOC images.
- Gastric precancerous conditions, including gastric atrophy (GA) and intestinal metaplasia (IM), play an important role in the development of gastric cancer. Image-enhanced endoscopy (IEE) shows great potential in diagnosing gastric precancerous conditions and adenocarcinoma. In this study, a deep convolutional neural network system, named ENDOANGEL, was constructed to detect gastric precancerous conditions by IEE.
- Diagnosis of esophageal cancer or precursor lesions by endoscopic imaging depends on endoscopist expertise and is inevitably subject to interobserver variability. Studies on computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) using deep learning or machine learning are on the increase. However, studies with small sample sizes are limited by inadequate statistical strength. Here, we used a meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of CAD algorithms of esophageal cancers or neoplasms using endoscopic images.
- Narrow-band imaging with magnifying endoscopy (ME-NBI) has shown advantages in the diagnosis of early gastric cancer (EGC). However, proficiency in diagnostic algorithms requires substantial expertise and experience. In this study, we aimed to develop a computer-aided diagnostic model for EGM (EGCM) to analyze and assist in the diagnosis of EGC under ME-NBI.
- Recent advances in deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have led to remarkable results in digestive endoscopy. In this study, we aimed to develop CNN-based models for the differential diagnosis of benign esophageal protruded lesions using endoscopic images acquired during real clinical settings.
- Artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted detection is increasingly used in upper endoscopy. We performed a meta-analysis to determine the diagnostic accuracy of AI on detection of gastric and esophageal neoplastic lesions and Helicobacter pylori (HP) status.
- The endoscopic evaluation of narrow-band imaging (NBI) zoom imagery in Barrett’s esophagus (BE) is associated with suboptimal diagnostic accuracy and poor interobserver agreement. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems may assist endoscopists in the characterization of Barrett’s mucosa. Our aim was to demonstrate the feasibility of a deep-learning CAD system for tissue characterization of NBI zoom imagery in BE.
- Magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) has become an efficient diagnostic modality for gastric diseases. We developed a novel automatic gastric lesion detection system to assist in diagnosis and reduce inter-physician variations. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic capability of the computer-aided detection system for MCE images.
- Endoscopy is one of the cornerstones in the field of gastroenterology. The original fiberoptic endoscope was developed in the 1950s. From this point in time and decade after decade the field of endoscopy continues to this day to grow and evolve. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography was developed in the 1970s and EUS in the 1980s, further showing the potential of endoscopy to have no boundaries. The image quality of the scope is now high-definition white light along with optical enhancements such as narrow-band imaging (NBI), with the goal to improve mucosal surface area inspection to both identify and interpret abnormal areas.