- The diagnosis and characterization of biliary strictures (BSs) is challenging. The introduction of digital single-operator cholangioscopy (DSOC) that allows direct visual inspection of the lesion and targeted biopsy sampling significantly improved the diagnostic yield in patients with indeterminate BSs. However, the diagnostic efficiency of DSOC remains suboptimal. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have shown great potential for the interpretation of medical images. We aimed to develop a CNN-based system for automatic detection of malignant BSs in DSOC images.
- Colonoscopy is a durable cancer screening and prevention strategy in the United States and worldwide. Over the past several years, there has been increased attention toward the development and study of artificial intelligence (AI)-based computer-aided detection (CADe) systems for colonoscopy to augment polyp detection by the endoscopist during screening and surveillance colonoscopy.
- Gastric precancerous conditions, including gastric atrophy (GA) and intestinal metaplasia (IM), play an important role in the development of gastric cancer. Image-enhanced endoscopy (IEE) shows great potential in diagnosing gastric precancerous conditions and adenocarcinoma. In this study, a deep convolutional neural network system, named ENDOANGEL, was constructed to detect gastric precancerous conditions by IEE.
- Diagnosis of esophageal cancer or precursor lesions by endoscopic imaging depends on endoscopist expertise and is inevitably subject to interobserver variability. Studies on computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) using deep learning or machine learning are on the increase. However, studies with small sample sizes are limited by inadequate statistical strength. Here, we used a meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of CAD algorithms of esophageal cancers or neoplasms using endoscopic images.
- Artificial intelligence (AI)-based applications have transformed several industries and are widely used in various consumer products and services. In medicine, AI is primarily being used for image classification and natural language processing and has great potential to affect image-based specialties such as radiology, pathology, and gastroenterology (GE). This document reviews the reported applications of AI in GE, focusing on endoscopic image analysis.
- Recent advances in deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have led to remarkable results in digestive endoscopy. In this study, we aimed to develop CNN-based models for the differential diagnosis of benign esophageal protruded lesions using endoscopic images acquired during real clinical settings.
- Artificial intelligence (AI)–assisted polyp detection systems for colonoscopic use are currently attracting attention because they may reduce the possibility of missed adenomas. However, few systems have the necessary regulatory approval for use in clinical practice. We aimed to develop an AI-assisted polyp detection system and to validate its performance using a large colonoscopy video database designed to be publicly accessible.
- Artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted detection is increasingly used in upper endoscopy. We performed a meta-analysis to determine the diagnostic accuracy of AI on detection of gastric and esophageal neoplastic lesions and Helicobacter pylori (HP) status.
- The endoscopic evaluation of narrow-band imaging (NBI) zoom imagery in Barrett’s esophagus (BE) is associated with suboptimal diagnostic accuracy and poor interobserver agreement. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems may assist endoscopists in the characterization of Barrett’s mucosa. Our aim was to demonstrate the feasibility of a deep-learning CAD system for tissue characterization of NBI zoom imagery in BE.