Protein biomarkers in pancreatic juice and serum for identification of pancreatic cancerTo date, surveillance of high-risk individuals for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has not lived up to expectations, as identification of curable stages through imaging remains challenging. Biomarkers are therefore needed. Pancreatic juice (PJ) may be a promising source, because it is in direct contact with the ductal epithelial lining from which PDAC arises. We aimed to develop a panel of biomarkers from serum and PJ to detect PDAC for future surveillance purposes.
Reproducibility of the electronic chromoendoscopy PICaSSO score (Paddington International Virtual ChromoendoScopy ScOre) in ulcerative colitis using multiple endoscopic platforms: a prospective multicenter international study (with video)Endoscopic and histologic remission (HR) are key therapeutic targets in the management of ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility of the Paddington International virtual ChromoendoScopy ScOre (PICaSSO), a virtual chromoendoscopy score originally validated by use of the iSCAN platform, with the narrow-band imaging (NBI), linked-color imaging (LCI), and blue-laser imaging (BLI) platforms.
Impact of trimodality sampling on detection of malignant biliary strictures compared with patients with primary sclerosing cholangitisMalignant biliary strictures can be difficult to diagnose, with up to 20% considered indeterminate after initial tissue sampling. This study aimed to determine the performance characteristics of transpapillary biopsy sampling (TPB) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in isolation or in combination with standard brush cytology (BC) in patients who received trimodality sampling for biliary strictures.
Clinical utility of methionyl-tRNA synthetase 1 immunostaining in cytologic brushings of indeterminate biliary strictures: a multicenter prospective studyEndobiliary brushings are routinely used in the diagnosis, treatment, and prognostication of biliary strictures. However, standard Papanicolaou (Pap) staining has a low sensitivity in this setting, and the accuracy of brush cytology has not been established for indeterminate strictures. We therefore evaluated the diagnostic merit of methionyl-transfer RNA synthetase 1 (MARS1) immunofluorescence (IF) staining in such cytologic specimens.
Artificial intelligence−enhanced white-light colonoscopy with attention guidance predicts colorectal cancer invasion depthEndoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and EMR are applied in treating superficial colorectal neoplasms but are contraindicated by deeply invasive colorectal cancer (CRC). The invasion depth of neoplasms can be examined by an automated artificial intelligence (AI) system to determine the applicability of ESD and EMR.