Computer-aided characterization of early cancer in Barrett’s esophagus on i-scan magnification imaging: a multicenter international studyWe aimed to develop a computer-aided characterization system that could support the diagnosis of dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus (BE) on magnification endoscopy.
Comparison of EUS-guided ablation and surgical resection for nonfunctioning small pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: a propensity score–matching studyTreatment strategies for small pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) <2 cm in size are still under debate. The feasibility and safety of EUS-guided ethanol ablation (EUS-EA) have been demonstrated. However, sample sizes in previous studies were small with no comparative studies on surgery. Therefore, we aimed to compare the safety and long-term outcomes of EUS-EA with those of surgery for the management of nonfunctioning small PNETs.
Development and validation of artificial neural networks model for detection of Barrett’s neoplasia: a multicenter pragmatic nonrandomized trial (with video)The aim of this study was to develop and externally validate a computer-aided detection (CAD) system for the detection and localization of Barrett’s neoplasia and assess its performance compared with that of general endoscopists in a statistically powered multicenter study by using real-time video sequences.
Next-generation sequencing mutation analysis on biliary brush cytology for differentiation of benign and malignant strictures in primary sclerosing cholangitisDifferentiation of benign and malignant biliary tract strictures on brush material remains highly challenging but is essential for adequate clinical management of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). In this case-control study, biliary brush cytology samples from PSC patients with cholangiocarcinoma (PSC-CCA) were compared with samples from PSC patients without CCA (PSC-control subjects) using next-generation sequencing (NGS).
Timing of colonoscopy in acute lower GI bleeding: a multicenter retrospective cohort studyWe aimed to determine the optimal timing of colonoscopy and factors that benefit patients who undergo early colonoscopy for acute lower GI bleeding.
Randomized trial comparing general anesthesia with anesthesiologist-administered deep sedation for ERCP in average-risk patientsGeneral anesthesia (GA) or monitored anesthesia care (MAC) is increasingly used to perform ERCP. The definitive choice between the 2 sedative types remains to be established. This study compared outcomes of GA with MAC in ERCP performed in patients at average risk for sedation-related adverse events (SRAEs).
Comparison of cold snare and hot snare polypectomy for the resection of sporadic nonampullary duodenal adenomasNonampullary duodenal adenomas can undergo malignant transformation, making endoscopic resection, often by hot snare (HSP) or cold snare polypectomy (CSP), necessary. Although CSP has been shown to be safer for removal of colon polyps, data comparing these techniques for the resection of duodenal adenomas are limited. Our aim was to compare the safety and efficacy of CSP and HSP for the removal of nonampullary duodenal adenomas.
Protein biomarkers in pancreatic juice and serum for identification of pancreatic cancerTo date, surveillance of high-risk individuals for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has not lived up to expectations, as identification of curable stages through imaging remains challenging. Biomarkers are therefore needed. Pancreatic juice (PJ) may be a promising source, because it is in direct contact with the ductal epithelial lining from which PDAC arises. We aimed to develop a panel of biomarkers from serum and PJ to detect PDAC for future surveillance purposes.
Efficacy and safety comparison of scissor-type knives with needle-type knives for colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection: a post-hoc propensity score–matched analysis (with videos)Many knives have been developed to improve the efficacy and safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of scissor-type knives for colorectal ESD compared with needle-type knives.
Endoscopic eradication therapy for Barrett’s esophagus–related neoplasia: a final 10-year report from the UK National HALO Radiofrequency Ablation RegistryLong-term durability data for effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to prevent esophageal adenocarcinoma in patients with dysplastic Barrett’s esophagus (BE) are lacking.
Setting up a regional expert panel for complex colorectal polypsAdvanced endoscopic resection techniques for complex colorectal polyps have evolved significantly over the past decade, leading to a management shift from surgical to endoscopic resection as the preferred treatment. However, in practice, interhospital consultation and appropriate referral management remain challenging, leading to unnecessary surgical resections. To support regional care for patients with complex colorectal polyps, facilitate peer consultations, and lower thresholds for referrals, an expert panel consultation platform was initiated in the northwestern region of the Netherlands.
Novel classification for adverse events in GI endoscopy: the AGREE classificationStandardized registration and evaluation of adverse events (AEs) are essential to assess the safety of endoscopic procedures. We propose a novel classification system, named adverse events in GI endoscopy (AGREE), adapted from a widely accepted surgical tool.
Initial multicenter experience using a novel endoscopic tack and suture system for challenging GI defect closure and stent fixation (with video)Closure of endoscopic resection defects can be achieved with through-the-scope clips, over-the-scope clips, or endoscopic suturing. However, these devices are often limited by their inability to close large, irregular, and difficult-to-reach defects. Thus, we aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of a novel through-the-scope, suture-based closure system developed to overcome these limitations.
Varying fecal immunochemical test screening cutoffs by age and gender: a way to increase detection rates and reduce the number of colonoscopiesMost colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programs based on the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) use the same cutoff value for all participants. This study aimed at finding age- and gender-specific cutoff values that can improve population-based CRC screening.
Detection of elusive polyps using a large-scale artificial intelligence system (with videos)Colorectal cancer is a leading cause of death. Colonoscopy is the criterion standard for detection and removal of precancerous lesions and has been shown to reduce mortality. The polyp miss rate during colonoscopies is 22% to 28%. DEEP DEtection of Elusive Polyps (DEEP2) is a new polyp detection system based on deep learning that alerts the operator in real time to the presence and location of polyps. The primary outcome was the performance of DEEP2 on the detection of elusive polyps.
Single-use duodenoscope for ERCP performed by endoscopists with a range of experience in procedures of variable complexityExpert endoscopists previously reported ERCP outcomes for the first commercialized single-use duodenoscope. We aimed to document usability of this device by endoscopists with different levels of ERCP experience.
Evaluation of polypectomy quality indicators of large nonpedunculated colorectal polyps in a nonexpert, bowel cancer screening cohortWith the introduction of the national bowel cancer screening program, the detection of sessile and flat colonic lesions ≥20 mm in size, defined as large nonpedunculated colorectal polyps (LNPCPs), has increased. The aim of this study was to examine the quality of endoscopic treatment of LNPCPs in the Dutch screening program.
Evaluating key characteristics of ideal colorectal cancer screening modalities: the microsimulation approachScreening for colorectal cancer (CRC) can effectively reduce CRC incidence and mortality. Besides colonoscopy, tests for the detection of biomarkers in stool, blood, or serum, including the fecal immunochemical test (FIT), ColoGuard, Epi proColon, and PolypDx, have recently been advanced. We aimed to identify the characteristics of theoretic, highly efficient screening tests and calculated the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of available screening tests.