- Current adenoma detection rate (ADR) benchmarks for colonoscopy in individuals positive for a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) are ≥45% in men and ≥35% in women. These are based on weak, low-quality evidence. We performed a meta-analysis to ascertain the pooled ADR in FIT-positive colonoscopy.
- Single-use duodenoscopes and duodenoscopes with detachable/disposable caps emerged in the market to mitigate the risk of ERCP-related infections. We aimed to investigate adverse events associated with these devices occurring after U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval.
- Several methods with variable efficacy have been proposed for difficult biliary cannulation in ERCP. We assessed the comparative efficacy of different strategies for difficult biliary cannulation through a network meta-analysis combining direct and indirect treatment comparisons.
- Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is typically treated by endoscopic thermal therapies. Endoscopic band ligation (EBL) has been reported in the treatment of GAVE with encouraging results. However, EBL is not widely used to this end.
- Self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are used for palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). Studies comparing covered SEMSs (C-SEMSs) and uncovered SEMSs (U-SEMSs) have led to inconclusive results. We compared efficacy and safety of C-SEMSs versus U-SEMSs in patients with GOO.
- Risk of progression in Barrett's esophagus (BE) with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) and high-grade dysplasia (HGD) has been established. However, the natural history of BE with indefinite dysplasia (BE-IND) remains unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the pooled risk of progression to HGD and/or esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in BE-IND.
- Self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) when deployed across the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) can lead to reflux with risks of aspiration. A SEMS with a tricuspid antireflux valve (SEMS-V) was designed to address this issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this stent.
- EUS-guided liver biopsy (LB) is an emerging technique over conventional percutaneous (PC) or transjugular (TJ) approaches. Recent studies have reported that EUS-guided LB may have a better safety profile than PC LB or TJ LB without compromising diagnostic yield, and the outcomes are varied with respect to the types of biopsy needles. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the diagnostic yield, specimen adequacy, and adverse events associated with EUS-guided LB.
- Esophageal strictures remain a commonly encountered clinical entity. These strictures arise because of a wide variety of benign and malignant conditions. Dysphagia, the most common symptom, occurs when a stricture causes greater than 50% of the esophageal lumen to be obstructed as a result of benign or malignant disease. From a treatment point of view, some esophageal strictures are readily treated via minimally invasive and low-risk means, whereas others can be refractory and recalcitrant to the most aggressive endoscopic therapies.